There are several types of home foundations, poured concrete, cinder block, slab, etc. In Texas, most home foundations are made up of concrete poured over steel rebar to form a slab. The steel is in place to keep the concrete from moving and to assist in holding it together. The combination of steel and concrete forms a strong foundation. But, as most Texas homeowners know, the soils here can wreak havoc on a home's foundation. A little foundation settlement is normal in a home, so how do you know if you need to have your foundation professionally repaired?
First let's recap the common signs of a failing foundation. Cracks in the drywall, exterior walls or ceiling, doors and windows that stick shut, and uneven floors. These are the major signs that you should have your foundation inspected. However, don't panic just yet, your home might be ok.
Pay Attention to the Details
Be sure to keep an eye on your home and take note of any sudden changes. If you have the same hairline crack in your drywall or ceiling that has been there for 10 years with no change, your home likely has minor settlement issues that does not require immediate action. However if that same crack started at six inches and grew to larger than two feet in only a few months, it is time to have it evaluated by a professional before it gets worse.
Some doors and windows will stick slightly depending on the season as the soil shrinks and expands with the weather. But if a door or window in your house will no longer open or close, it is a good idea to call and have your foundation evaluated.